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eastern lowland gorilla

The maximum standing height for males is 1.85 metres (6.1 ft), while females reach 1.6 metres (5.2 ft). Gorillas are stable apes as they stay together for months and years at a time, much like the structure of a family. © 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund), World’s largest wildlife conservation agreement - CITES - discusses priority wildlife trade issues, Reducing the threat of poaching and human encroachment in, Helping to develop a management plan for the. [10] Gorillas are also threatened directly by militia groups because of the prevalence of booby traps placed randomly throughout the forest. The eastern lowland gorilla is the largest of the two species of the Eastern gorilla subspecies. Eastern lowland gorillas, like other gorilla species, are mainly herbivorous, meaning they mostly eat plants. They are also known as Grauer’s gorilla after the scientist who discovered them. Unusually, the gorilla's thumbs are larger than the fingers. In comparison to western lowland gorillas, found in low altitude tropical forests, eastern lowland gorillas travel much less and increase their consumption of herbaceous vegetation. Thus, poaching has increased as militia and refugees become hungry. Conservation status: Vulnerable. Kahuzi Biega is a tropical rain forest dominated by two outstanding extinct volcanoes: Kahuzi and Biega. The eastern lowland gorilla or Grauer's gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is a subspecies of eastern gorilla endemic to the mountainous forests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.It is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. Over-harvesting is an illegal practice often conducted by legal concession holder and encourages deforestation and illegal resources exportation. So, without further ado, let the countdown begin! There was already evidence of inbreeding depression in some gorilla populations, evident through birth defects like syndactyly. mushrooms). Males weigh 163 kg (360 lb) on average while females usually weigh half as much. Eastern Lowland Gorilla. Violence in the region has made research difficult, however, scientists have estimated that the population has decreased by more than 50% since the mid-1990s. This species will sometimes eat insects, but for the most part they are herbivores. Geographical Location It has a jet black coat like the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei), although the hair is shorter on the head and body. Most recent blog post. [10] On July 22, 2007, 10 gorillas were killed in retaliation for the park rangers' interference with the exportation of illegal resources such as wood.[10]. The eastern lowland gorilla also known as gorilla Beringei Graueri is a subspecies of the eastern gorilla, this subspecies is known to be the largest of all the four gorilla species and can only be found in Kahuzi Beiga national park, Maiko national park, Itombwe massif, Tayna gorilla reserve and Usala forest in the Democratic Republic of Congo. [10], Conservation groups negotiated with rebels who control the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo to re-arm the park guards. Eastern Lowland Gorillas are more robust in appearance than the Western Lowland Gorillas, having longer teeth, a stronger jaw and a broader body. [10] Reports from 2007 state that 14,694 tons of cassiterite ($45 million USD), 1,193 tons of wolframite (worth $4.27 million USD) and 393 tons of coltan ($5.42 million USD) were exported in 2007. Gorillas and other great apes are a WWF priority species. It is distinguished from other gorillas by its stocky body, large hands and short muzzle. Gorrila territory affected by war, mining and logging. The eastern lowland gorilla lives in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo. [8], Gorillas spend long hours feeding on plant matter every day. Southern rockhopper penguin. These males protect their group from danger. Relatively little is known about the social behaviour, history and ecology of eastern lowland gorillas, partly because of civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Military leaders have also disarmed the park security guards in national parks meaning they have virtually no control over the activities that occur within the park, and those that enter it, when faced with armed soldiers. Civil unrest in the Democratic Republic of Congo has resulted in a decline in eastern lowland gorillas. [10] This has a detrimental effect on the eastern lowland gorilla populations because of their slow rate of reproduction and their already struggling population. The eastern lowland gorilla—also known as Grauer’s gorilla—is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. The group is lingering aroud the family leader ("Silverback"). On this day, you will wake up very early in the morning and have a cup of tea. Young silverback males will slowly begin to leave their natal group when they reach maturity, and will then attempt to attract females to form their own group. (I accept). Silverbacks are strong and each group has one dominant leader (see alpha male). [9], Gorillas do not eat banana fruits, but they may destroy banana trees to eat the nutritious pith. Eastern lowland gorilla has a varied plants diet including fruits, leaves, stems and bark as well as small insects such as ants and termites. Biogeographic realm Eastern lowland gorillas are highly sociable and very peaceful, living in groups of two to over 30. [15], Conservation groups negotiated with rebels who control the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo to re-arm the park guards [15] After the war began, government funding of the park was stopped. Although park rangers are trained to stop illegal hunting, the small number of park rangers do not have access to further training or equipment to handle the militia groups. Northeastern Congo Basin Moist Forests. Eastern Lowland Gorillas are one of the species of the gorilla beringei beringei and are special attractions that can be trekked mostly in central Africa. There is sexual dimorphism as males are larger and heavier than females; on average, an adult male height is 1.69 meters and weighs 163 kilograms, while adult females are about 1.60 meters heigh and weight little more than 81 kg. [7] An older weight calculated based on eight wild adult males is 169 kg. [10] Farmers who have come in contact with gorillas in their plantations have killed the gorilla and obtained a double benefit, protecting their crop and using the meat of the gorilla to sell at the market.[10]. Despite its size, eastern lowland gorillas subsist mainly on fruit and other herbaceous materials, just like other gorilla … Like ot… Democratic Republic of the Congo One species that warrants this classification is the Eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). [6] Males have an average weight of 210 kilograms (460 lb), females of 100 kilograms (220 lb). Also known as Grauer's gorilla, the eastern lowland gorilla is the largest of the gorilla subspecies. The region inhabited by eastern gorillas has decreased from 8,100 square miles to 4,600 square miles in the past 50 years. Working to sustain the natural world for the benefit of people and nature. Eastern lowland gorillas are sociable and peaceful animals that feast on a … [15], Many multinational corporations are indirectly, and some directly, funding the civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo by buying illegal resources from the area or by trading resources for military weaponry. WWF treats priority species as one of the most ecologically, economically and/or culturally important species on our planet. Infant gorillas normally stay with their mother for three to four years and mature at around 8 years old (females) and 12 years old (males). There are far fewer eastern lowland gorillas compared to western lowland gorillas. Results suggest that within the eastern lowland gorilla subspecies there is an extreme lack of variation, which could reduce the potential of the subspecies to undergo natural selection and adapt to their environment. The largest eastern lowland gorillas are in zoos, and they can reach more than 250 kilograms. They breastfeed for about three years. Connect with us; Facebook; Twitter; Instagram; YouTube; RSS Feeds; World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Shot in wildlife. Eastern Lowland Gorilla, Gorilla beringei graueri; Appearance. The Eastern portion is around 2900 square miles which means the whole population of these gorillas lives in area slightly larger in comparison to state of Delaware. Scientific Name: Gorilla beringei graueri Status: Endangered Number Remaining: estimated less than 17,000 Average Length: 4-5.5 feet Average Weight: up to 440 pounds Out of the four gorilla subspecies, the eastern lowland gorilla is the largest. The militia groups present in the region restrict protection of the eastern lowland gorilla. It is distinguished from other gorillas by its stocky body, large hands and short muzzle. [13] It is eaten by displaced peoples residing in the region affected by the civil war, militias groups and loggers and miners. Location: Kahuzi Biega, Democratic Republic of Congo. Deforestation occurred as 80,000 refugees travelled into the park daily to find wood. They are mostly found in the Eastern side of the country. They are one of the most intelligent species of primates. © Riccardo Pravettoni / UNEP-Grid-Arendal Sources: UNOCHA, series of maps; The Woods Hole Research Center, UNFCCC-COP, Reducing Co2 Emissions from Deforestation And Degrada- tion in The Democratic Republic of Congo: A First Look, 2007; Institut Géographique National congolaise; Global Witness, “Faced with a gun, what can you do?”, 2009; The Guardian press release. The anatomy of the eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is robust and big. A family of Eastern Lowland Gorillas in the jungles of Congo A Familiy of Eastern Lowland Gorillas (gorilla beringei graueri) relaxing in the forest. Eastern lowland gorillas are the largest subspecies of gorilla and the largest living primates. Eastern lowland Gorillas lives in extremely restricted areas. Presently, they are the largest of all the species of gorillas and they exist only in the lowland rain-forests in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Gorillas are large forest-dwelling primates that live in the forests, swamps and lowlands areas of East, West and Central Africa. Once they reach maturity, both females and males usually leave the group. An adult male gorilla can weigh up to 225 kilograms and stand 1.8 meters in height. [9], Most primates are bonded together by the relationship between females, a pattern also seen in many human families. Their range covers an area through Uganda, Rwanda and the west of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Approximately two million people, directly and indirectly related to the Rwandan genocide in 1994, fled to Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, mainly in Virunga National Park. Outside their native range, only one female eastern lowland gorilla lives in captivity, at the Antwerp Zoo in Belgium. Despite its size, eastern lowland gorillas feed mainly on fruit and other herbaceous materials, just like other gorilla … The eastern lowland gorilla—also known as Grauer’s gorilla—is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. Eastern lowland gorillas are the largest primates in the world. The face, ears, hands, … The Eastern Lowland Gorilla is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies of the Eastern Gorilla and is unique to the mountainous forest of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. In the wild, you'll find these small … We use cookies to analyse how visitors use our website and to help us provide the best possible experience for users. A group usually consists of one silverback, several females and their offspring. The size of eastern lowland gorillas is bigger compared to mountain gorillas. sleeping. The militia have remained in control in the region as a result of the neighbouring countries. They are the second most endangered subspecies of gorilla. For example, gorillas form harems which may include two full-grown males. Conservation groups WWF, International Gorilla Conservation Program and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (German development agency) have funded the guards for the past several years.[15]. Endangered Species International stated that 300 gorillas are killed each year to supply the bushmeat markets in the Congo. Males are typically much larger than the female population, often weighing more than 250kg and standing at 1.7m upright. Males have a standing height of 1.76 metres (5 ft 9 in) on average and females stand at 1.60 metres (5 ft 3 in) or less. The head is large, with wide nostrils and a flat nose, and a thick neck leads to their long muscular arms and stocky broad chests. They will eat smaller ground plants and vines as well as foraging in the trees. A subspecies of eastern gorilla, the eastern lowland gorilla is found only in the rainforests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Threats to the eastern lowland gorilla's survival include poaching, civil unrest, and the destruction of gorilla habitat through logging, mining, and agriculture. Important populations of this gorilla live in the Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks and their adjacent forests, the Tayna Gorilla Reserve, the Usala forest and on the Itombwe Massif. Eastern lowland gorilla, Grauer's gorilla; Gorille oriental de la plaine, gorille de Grauer (Fr); Gorila (Sp), Tropical rainforest in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Governments, International Organisations and Civil Society meet in Russia to make key decisions on wildlife trade, Major habitat type Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests Top 10 Smartest Animals on Earth. Companies involved in illegal exploitation therefore encourage environmental destruction in the area and fuel the illegal export industry controlled by militia groups. Gorillas are large apes. Range States [10] This has reduced the financial input available to the militias in the region. [10] Although gorilla bushmeat only constitutes a small proportion of the bushmeat sold, it continues to encourage a decline in the gorilla populations being subjected to hunting. [11] It is commonly believed that the structure of the gorilla group is to prevent predation.[12]. The eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) or Grauer's gorilla is a subspecies of eastern gorilla endemic to the mountainous forests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. They can be strong like chimpanzees and orangutans. Illegal logging may occur from companies with no rights to the land or by legal landholders. Deforestation occurred at a rate of 0.1 km2 per day. Please note: This page has been archived and its content may no longer be up-to-date. africa. It is distinguished from other gorillas by its stocky body, large hands and short muzzle. These militia groups trade minerals and timber illegally in exchange for arms from neighbouring countries, corrupt officials and subsidiaries of many multinational companies. Laws in place enforce trans-boundary collaboration and have been proven successful in reducing the decline of the eastern lowland gorilla [10] Illegal extraction of resources from the Virunga National Park has been reduced by policing transportation across borders. [9] Groups of eastern lowland gorillas are usually larger than those of western gorillas. These gorillas are endemic to Democratic Republic of Congo and there is no other place on earth where they can be found. As such, we are working to ensure all great apes can live and thrive in their natural habitats. gorilla gorilla gorilla. They have a strong skeleton w… Gorillas live in family groups called troops. © 2020 WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature© 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)® “WWF” is a WWF Registered Trademark Creative Commons license. It has been estimated that more than half of the 240 gorillas known in one study have been killed as a result of poaching. Important populations of this gorilla live in the Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks and their adjacent forests, the Tayna Gorilla Reserve, the Usala forest and on the Itombwe Massif. The eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) or Grauer's gorilla is a subspecies of eastern gorilla endemic to the mountainous forests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Illegal hunting in the forests of DR Congo is pushing the eastern lowland gorilla ever-closer to extinction. We’ve given it some thought and compiled a list. One of the most studied eastern lowland gorilla population lives in the highlands of Kahuzi-Biega, where habitats vary between dense primary forests to moderately moist woodland, to Cyperus swamp and peat bog. They have a broad chest, wide shoulders, short legs, and long strong arms. However, some aspects of social behaviour have been studied. Both subspecies live in different areas, despite being in the same eastern Africa region. [17] A recent genome studies which included all four subspecies gorilla, aimed to identifying the levels of diversity and divergence among the remaining populations of gorilla. Most parks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are insecure areas restricting the access of park rangers. Grauer’s Gorilla (G. b. graueri), one subspecies of Eastern Gorilla – has lost 77% of its population since 1994, declining from 16,900 individuals to just 3,800 in 2015. View Original Eastern Lowland Gorilla Image View Eastern Lowland Gorilla Article. Gorillas living in zoos are usually heavier than those in the wild, since they get less exercise and can weigh as much as 270 kilograms (… Mountain gorillas are fewer and divided into two subpopulations: one inhabits an area of about 440 square kilometers in the volcanic Virunga Mountains, along the border between Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, … Central Africa The Eastern lowland gorilla population is now estimated to be fewer than 5,000. [10] It has been estimated that there were 720,000 refugees living in five camps in the DRC bordering the park (Katale, Kahindo, Kibumba, Mugunga and Lac Vert), 24. [10] In the Virunga National Park, for example, 190 park rangers have been killed in just the past 15 years from civil war. Traxy’s alone bought 226 tonnes of coltan in 2007 which is 57% of the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s entire coltan. The illegal wildlife trade: A lack of security allows criminals to thrive and so the illicit trade and the … [9] Although they occasionally eat ants, insects form only a minor part of their diet. Conservation groups,[16] International Gorilla Conservation Program and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (German development agency) have funded the guards for the past several years. Drive to Kigali. eastern lowland gorilla. [10] Coltan in particular is one of the main export resources bought by multinational corporations illegally and is growing in demand due to its use for cellphones. The United Nations Environmental Programme reported that resources from multinational corporations and pension funds in industrialized countries are "directed through subsidiary companies to help finance corruption and arms sales, processes that may involve 'conflict' natural resources"[10] Private companies have been found to trade weapons for resources or provide access to weapons through subsidiary companies.[10]. The pressure on protected areas by militias and refugees in Eastern DRC. It is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. The male's coat, like that of other gorillas, greys as the animal matures, resulting in the designation "silverback". [9] One third of gorilla groups in East Africa have two grown males in their group. [10] Once the Congo war began in 1996, 500,000 refugees remained, putting pressure on the natural resources, including the eastern lowland gorilla. [17], Wilkie and Carpenter, 1999; Fa et al., 2000; Brashares et al., 2004; Ryan and Bell, 2005; Poulsen et al., 2009), International Gorilla Conservation Program, "Eastern lowland gorilla numbers plunge to 5,000, study says", "Grauer’s Gorillas May Soon Be Extinct, Conservationists Say", WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (also known as World Wildlife Fund, Threats to gorillas Hunting & poaching, "Mountain gorilla genomes reveal the impact of long-term population decline and inbreeding". [14] Surveys have shown that great apes, chimpanzees and bonobos comprise 0.5-2% of the meat found in bushmeats markets. The civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo means military groups remain in the forest for long periods of time. [6] This primate species now occupies only 13% of its historical area. This version of the page will remain live for reference purposes as we work to update the content across our website. The eastern lowland gorilla—also known as Grauer’s gorilla—is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. Eastern Lowland Gorilla Trekking is another form of gorilla trekking only that this one is done in lowlands and on a different type of gorillas. The eastern lowland gorilla shows a preference for regenerating vegetation associated with abandoned villages and fields. Conservation interventions for the eastern lowland gorilla have suggested implementing captive breeding programs or translocations between the eastern lowland subgroups. Ecological Region The western lowland gorilla is the only subspecies kept in zoos with the exception of Amahoro, a female eastern lowland gorilla at Antwerp Zoo, and a few mountain gorillas kept captive in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Despite its size, eastern lowland gorillas subsist mainly on fruit and other plants. Then … Despite its size, eastern lowland gorillas subsist mainly on fruit and other herbaceous materials, just like other gorilla … The eastern lowland gorilla has joined the mountain gorilla on the 'critically-endangered' list and moved one step closer to extinction. [4][5], Eastern lowland gorillas are the largest subspecies of gorilla and the largest living primates. [6] In the mid-1990s, the population was recorded to be nearly 17,000 gorillas. What are the 10 smartest animals on Earth? [10] Although the eastern lowland gorilla population is directly affected by the violence of militia groups, their population is mainly endangered by habitat disruption from the extraction of natural resources. [10] Although park rangers have been successful in restricting the amount of illegal resources being transported out of the region, militias groups have retaliated by purposely killing a group of gorillas to threaten the park rangers. [6][10], The primary cause of the decline in eastern lowland gorilla populations is poaching for meat, known as bushmeat. This impressive animal is identified by a stocky body, large hands and a short muzzle. [10] Some researchers have found that up to 5 million metric tons of bushmeat are traded annually. Like the Western species of gorilla, the Eastern Lowland Gorillas walk on all fours, however, they use the knuckles on their hands instead of their palms. Aside from their size, males are also distinguished from females by a silver saddle on the… https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_lowland_gorilla&oldid=992680701, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Endemic fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Articles with dead external links from February 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles to be expanded from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 15:20. It is distinguished from other gorillas by its stocky body, large hands and short muzzle. Young eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). It has jet black coats like the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei), although the hair is shorter on the head and body. Results showed that this the eastern lowland gorilla subspecies was in fact two distinct subgroups. [9], The eastern lowland gorilla has the widest altitudinal range of any of the gorilla subspecies, being found in mountainous, transitional and lowland tropical forests. [15] Researchers have also stated that it is more difficult to patrol areas outside of the park and expect to find even higher levels of poaching. Today, this subspecies is confined to the primary tropical forest of eastern DRC – most notably in Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks, but a substantial portion of its habitat falls outside these areas in the vast, yet legally unprotected forest that separates them. Their body is covered in short, thick black fur. A female will give birth to a single infant after a gestation period of about 8½ months. [9] Females usually join another group or a lone silverback adult male, whereas males may stay together temporarily, until they attract females and establish their own groups. Eastern Lowland Gorillas have black coats which in males, like other gorillas, turns silver at the back as the animal matures. Other gorilla subspecies include the eastern lowland gorilla and the mountain gorilla, the subspecies featured in the 1988 film Gorillas in the Mist. View our Cookie Policy. Females typically weigh 90–125kg and are 20cm shorter. The areas logged are prime gorilla habitat and is considered an international concern. Afrotropical The Eastern gorilla The Eastern gorilla is comprised of 2 gorilla sub-species; the Eastern Lowland gorilla and scientifically, these are best referred to as Gorilla beringei graueri. They eat every part of the plant, including roots, leaves, fruit, stems, flowers, bark, and even fungi (e.g. It is listed as Critically endangered and found in the lowland swamps of Democratic republic of Congo. The Eastern lowland gorilla is the largest of all the Gorilla subspecies. Eastern Lowland gorillas are the largest gorilla species in Africa. Grauer’s gorilla, also known as the eastern lowland gorilla, is found only in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Aglarech - Public Domain. [17] This division could have been due to the small number of individuals sampled, or due to the social structures within the subspecies. On average, a silverback mountain gorilla weighs over 195 kilograms while Male eastern lowland gorillas weigh over 210 kilograms. The Last Stand of the Gorilla: Environmental Crime and Conflict in the Congo. The baby can crawl at around nine weeks old and can walk at about 35 weeks old. According to a 2004 report there were only about 5,000 eastern lowland gorillas in the wild,[2] down to fewer than 3,800 in 2016,[3] compared to over 100,000 western lowland gorillas. The eastern lowland gorilla or graur's gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is a subspecies of eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). [15] After the war began, government funding of the park was stopped. This lack of diversity is thought to be due to limited number of founders and low levels of migration, which has resulted in a high level of inbreeding in these small population. 35 weeks old and can walk at about 35 weeks old being in the swamps! Where they can reach more than half of the Congo means military groups remain the. Most intelligent species of primates view Original eastern lowland gorillas extinct volcanoes: and! Across our website and to help us provide the best possible experience users! Beringei graueri ; Appearance is listed as Critically endangered and found in the East of the Democratic of. The 1988 film gorillas in the forests, swamps and lowlands areas of East, West Central! Shows a preference for regenerating vegetation associated with abandoned villages and fields usually consists of one silverback, several and! A rate of 0.1 km2 per day Congo to re-arm the park was stopped up very early in Democratic. 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